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:: Volume 11, Issue 4 (11-2021) ::
Disaster Prev. Manag. Know. 2021, 11(4): 401-413 Back to browse issues page
Apply Analysis Hierarchical Process for Site selection of Temporary Housing centers after Disaster (Case study: District 2 of Tehran City)
Zahra sadat Hayatgheibi *1, Rama Ghalambordezfooly2
1- Master of Post Disaster Reconstruction, Faculty of Arts and Architecture, Pardis Branch, Islamic Azad University, Iran
2- Assistant Professor, Department of Urban Planning, Pardis Branch, Islamic Azad University, Iran
Abstract:   (285 Views)
Background and Objective: One of the most important issues that is always considered by the responsible organizations in risk and crisis management is choosing a suitable place for temporary Housing of the population affected by Disaster. In Iran, Site selection for Housing can work better after a Disaster. Obviously, non-compliance with the location may lead to another catastrophe, even worse than the initial Disaster. The purpose of this study is to identify suitable spaces for setting up temporary Housing centers before the occurrence of Disaster in the District Two of Tehran.                           
Method: This Study  is a mix Method research by using descriptive-analytic method; according to necessities of the research is a combination of reviewing specialized texts, Field observation and spatial analysis were performed using the technique of analysis hierarchical Process, using ArcMap and ExpertChoice software. Finally, the data are analyzed and suitable Site for temporary Housing centers are introduced .                        
 Findings: After conducting the research process, it was determined that the eastern, southeastern and southern regions of the study area have better and more favorable conditions for the construction of temporary housing centers. Based on the review of the research results and the extracted map as well as the field study, suitable places for setting up temporary accommodation centers at the time of accidents include: Iran Zamin Park, open areas around Milad Hospital, Goftogo Park, Hajj and Pilgrimage Organization, Javid Park, Tarasht Park and Tarasht Martyrs Sports Complex; existent.  
Conclusion: In general, in case of any crisis in cities, the issue of setting up temporary housing centers will be very important. The results of the study show that the criteria of access, open spaces (parks) and distance from the fault are the main and determining criteria in choosing a suitable place for temporary housing.It is also found that suitable areas for temporary Housing centers in the study area, mostly include the use of parks and empty spaces and stadiums.                                       
Keywords: Site selection, Temporary Housing, Analysis Hierarchical Process, District 2 of Tehran city.
Full-Text [PDF 993 kb]   (200 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2021/08/31 | Accepted: 2021/09/19 | ePublished: 2021/11/21
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Hayatgheibi Z S, Ghalambordezfooly R. Apply Analysis Hierarchical Process for Site selection of Temporary Housing centers after Disaster (Case study: District 2 of Tehran City). Disaster Prev. Manag. Know.. 2021; 11 (4) :401-413
URL: http://dpmk.ir/article-1-447-en.html

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Volume 11, Issue 4 (11-2021) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه علمی دانش پیشگیری و مدیریت بحران Disaster Prevention and Management Knowledge (quarterly)
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