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:: Volume 8, Issue 3 (10-2018) ::
dpmk 2018, 8(3): 269-278 Back to browse issues page
An Introduction to the Ontology of Vulnerability Assessment Approaches to Drought
Vahid Yeganegi Dastgerdi Mr * 1, Mohammad Hossein Sharifzadegan PhD2, Mozaffar Sarrafi PhD3
1- PhD candidate, Faculty of Architecture and Urban Planning, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran
2- Professor, Faculty of Architecture and Urban Planning, Department of design and Urban Planning, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran
3- Associate Professor, Faculty of Architecture and Urban Planning, Department of design and Urban Planning, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (286 Views)
Background and objective: The assessment of vulnerability to drought in different areas is a new scope in literature in spatial planning and environmental planning, and various researchers, according to their research subjects, have presented different approaches in this subject. Considering that Iran is also one of the countries exposed to extensive droughts, the necessity of categorizing and recognizing the theoretical frameworks affecting the formation of various vulnerability assessment approaches for researchers in this field has become more urgent.
Method: This paper tries to classify the approaches to drought vulnerability assessment by using the comparative study method and considering the relationship between the epistemology and ontology of the "drought vulnerability", and to provide a theoretical framework for the ontology of approaches to assess the vulnerability to drought.
Findings: Vulnerability assessment approaches to drought can be divided into three categories and a dual classification from the ontology point of view; from the perspective of epistemology, these approaches are influenced by four concepts including effects, adaptability, risk and model.
Results: The drought Vulnerability Assessment Approaches from the perspective of epistemology are influenced by four concepts including effects, adaptability, risk and model, and from the perspective of ontology, they can be divided into two general categories. Each of these categories itself contains smaller categories that are affected by how vulnerabilities are defined. The most important achievement of this paper is to illustrate the relationship between each of these categories and the epistemological roots that govern them, which makes researchers, prior to assessing vulnerability to drought, having sufficient knowledge of the epistemic roots of approach to best evaluation.
Keywords: Vulnerability Assessment approach, Drought, Ontology, Epistemology
Full-Text [PDF 498 kb]   (131 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Applicable | Subject: Special
Received: 2018/03/17 | Accepted: 2018/05/22 | ePublished: 2018/08/26
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Yeganegi Dastgerdi V, Hossein Sharifzadegan M, Sarrafi M. An Introduction to the Ontology of Vulnerability Assessment Approaches to Drought. dpmk. 2018; 8 (3) :269-278
URL: http://dpmk.ir/article-1-204-en.html


Volume 8, Issue 3 (10-2018) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه علمی - ترویجی دانش پیشگیری و مدیریت بحران Disaster Prevention and Management Knowledge (quarterly)
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