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:: Volume 7, Issue 4 (1-2018) ::
dpmk 2018, 7(4): 363-376 Back to browse issues page
Children in disaster risk reduction programs “case study: Tehran “
Fateme Dehghan Farouji Ms * 1, Parasto Kazemian Ms2, Ashraf Dehghan Ms3, Ali Beitollahi PhD1
1- Road, housing and urban Development research center, Engineering Seismology and Risk department, Tehran, Iran
2- Natural Disaster Risk institute of Iran, Tehran, Iran
3- Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
Abstract:   (1085 Views)

Background and objective: The natural disaster risk reduction is one of the most important subjects in sustainable development. Children are very vulnerable groups in natural disasters. The child-centered risk reduction approach is based on new and effective methods that may reduce the vulnerability of this demographic group. The child-centered risk reduction approach and view point in risk reduction programs has been less considered, while this approach may have long-term benefits and contribute to the sustainable development of cities, in particular Tehran, in the future.

The purpose of this research is to introduce this method, as well as to provide distribution of the population of children in Tehran and to prioritize the different areas of Tehran in terms of distribution of this population so that this method may be used widely to reduce the social and physical vulnerability rate in Tehran and brought it closer to sustainable development.

Method: The results of this study are functional and the used method to this study is descriptive-analytic. This study performed in two phases. In the first phase, resources and documentation on child-centered risk reduction approach and case studies considered. In the second phase, target index group, children under the age of six years in Tehran, identified and then process in GIS software based on gender and region segregation. In the last phase, region separation and 1st to 5th priorities identified to use in five-year plans.

Findings: Five priority zones for the city of Tehran have been identified based on the processing and analysis of information in the GIS, priority areas are also defined in each zone. In addition to identifying priorities, gender segregation is performed, because different genders have different social and physical vulnerabilities so the separation may be useful to the targeted planning.

Results: According to the results of this study, five regions of 4,14,15,20 and 5 have the most vulnerable children, which can be reduced by identifying them and presenting suggestions reduce the vulnerability of children; so a targeted planning and empowering this group reducing the risk of a child-centered crisis may use as a changing factor.

Keywords: children, risk reduction, natural disaster, children-centered method, Tehran
Full-Text [PDF 659 kb]   (206 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2017/07/28 | Accepted: 2017/11/19 | ePublished: 2018/01/2
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Dehghan Farouji F, Kazemian P, Dehghan A, Beitollahi A. Children in disaster risk reduction programs “case study: Tehran “. dpmk. 2018; 7 (4) :363-376
URL: http://dpmk.ir/article-1-160-en.html


Volume 7, Issue 4 (1-2018) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه علمی - ترویجی دانش پیشگیری و مدیریت بحران Disaster Prevention and Management Knowledge (quarterly)
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